Frequently Asked Questions

All your medical admissions questions answered! Or if you want more personalised advice get in touch
Pathways to Med

Pathways to Med School

Standardised Tests

Standardised Tests

MMI Interviews


uni applications

University Applications

about medview

About MedView

Pathways to medical school

Pathways to Medicine: Australia

Undergraduate Medicine (~ 6 years)

This pathway is for high school-leavers and involves direct entry into a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS). This pathway represents about 40% of medicine admissions in Australia, and is offered to students who perform exceptionally well in school and the in UCAT exam.

Postgraduate Medicine (~ 6 years)

This pathway is open to those who have completed any undergraduate degree, and who meet subject prerequisites for some universities. This pathway requires applicants to have high results in both their GPA and the GAMSAT exam. These scores are combined to determine an applicant's eligibility for a medical interview. For this pathway, students can apply through GEMSAS - the graduate medical school consortium - as well as direct-to-institution for some universities.

Provisional Entry for Postgraduate Medicine (~ 7 years)

This pathway is a little more complex. It is open to school leavers who have performed exceptionally well. However, instead of granting students direct entry into undergraduate medicine they go into postgraduate medicine without sitting the GAMSAT. This means that students complete any undergraduate degree upon leaving school and transition seamlessly into postgraduate medicine. However in most cases, students must sit the UCAT and achieve a 99+ ATAR score.

Admission Requirements: Australia


Early preparation begins with subject selection. The subjects that students take in high school (and how well they perform in them) is one of the many factors that will determine their success in gaining admission into medical school. Students should be aiming for an ATAR of 99+ to be competitive in their medical school application.


The UCAT is a two-hour standardised, computer-based exam, designed to assess the suitability of candidates to study undergraduate medicine in Australia. Suitability is measured through an assessment of a student’s critical thinking capacity, emotional intelligence and non-verbal reasoning. The sections of the exam are Verbal Reasoning, Decision Making, Quantitative Reasoning, Abstract Reasoning and Situational Judgement.

MMI Interview

The medical interview is your last step towards achieving your goal of becoming a doctor. During the MMI, each student spends between eight to ten minutes at each station, of which there are eight. Students have two minutes of reading time per station, with the remaining six to eight allocated as interview time.

Pathways to Medicine: New Zealand

Only two universities in New Zealand offer medicine. (The University of Auckland and The University of Otago). These are both 6-year undergraduate MBBS degrees and the pathway requires a pre medicine year of a Biomedical Science or Health Science program, after which students will sit the UCAT exam. A student’s UCAT score and GPA are considered and determine their candidacy for an interview.

For medical school entrance in New Zealand, not as much weighting is placed on high school grades, as students are required to complete one year of a pre medicine degree before applying to medical school.

  • First Year Biomedical Science
  • First Year Health Science

Biomedical science is science heavy with a competitive atmosphere. It’s historically the most common entry pathway to medical school. Health science is public health focused with lots of essays and assignments. The content is interesting for those interested in more than just the science side of healthcare.

The University of Auckland offer both Biomedical Science and Health Science where The University of Otago only offers Health Science.

Admission Requirements: New Zealand


In New Zealand, to begin your journey to medical school you must complete a first year of pre-med at either The University of Auckland or The University of Otago, with a competitive GPA (average A overall). Your core papers are chosen for you and consist of a range of Health and Biological Sciences. Subjects such as Biology, Chemistry, Physics, are recommended high school subjects, but students should choose subjects that they are passionate about.


The UCAT is a two-hour standardised, computer-based exam, designed to assess the suitability of candidates to study undergraduate medicine in Australia. Suitability is measured through an assessment of a student’s critical thinking capacity, emotional intelligence and non-verbal reasoning. The sections of the exam are Verbal Reasoning, Decision Making, Quantitative Reasoning, Abstract Reasoning and Situational Judgement.

MMI Interview

Only medicine at Auckland requires the MMI interview. The medical interview is your last step towards achieving your goal of becoming a doctor. During the MMI, each student spends between eight to ten minutes at each station, of which there are eight. Students have two minutes of reading time per station, with the remaining six to eight allocated as interview time.

Pathways to Medicine: UK

The UK is one of the world’s top destinations for medical schools -- the allure of its prestigious and long-established institutions is undeniable.

Undergraduate Medicine (~ 6 years)

This pathway is open to school-leavers and involves direct entry into a medical degree straight out of school, at the end of which they graduate with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS/MBChB). This pathway is offered by select universities, to students who perform exceptionally well in school and in the UCAT / BMAT.

Postgraduate Medicine (~ 8 years)

This pathway is open to those who have completed any undergraduate degree, and who meet subject prerequisites for some universities. This pathway requires applicants to have high results in both their GPA and the GAMSAT exam. These scores are combined to determine an applicant's eligibility for a medical interview. For this pathway, students can apply through GEMSAS - the graduate medical school consortium - as well as direct-to-institution for some universities.

Admission Requirements: UK


Early preparation begins with subject selection. The subjects that students take in high school (and how well they perform in them) is one of the many factors that will determine their success in gaining admission into medical school. Students should be aiming for an average of 99+ to be competitive in their medical school application.


The UCAT is a two-hour standardised, computer-based exam, designed to assess the suitability of candidates to study undergraduate medicine in Australia. Suitability is measured through an assessment of a student’s critical thinking capacity, emotional intelligence and non-verbal reasoning. The sections of the exam are Verbal Reasoning, Decision Making, Quantitative Reasoning, Abstract Reasoning and Situational Judgement.


The medical interview is your last step towards achieving your goal of becoming a doctor. During the MMI, each student spends between eight to ten minutes at each station, of which there are eight. Students have two minutes of reading time per station, with the remaining six to eight allocated as interview time.

UCAS Application

Your application to UK medical school consists of your transcript a personal statement outlining your values, reasons for pursuing medicine and extracurricular activities as well as a character reference. With only 5 UCAS choices and a plethora of medical school options, having an expertly planned strategy around that selection is paramount for success


What Subjects should I be taking for Australia?

Early preparation begins with subject selection. The subjects that students take in high school (and how well they perform in them) is one of the many factors that will determine their success in gaining admission into medical school. All medical schools require the following three prerequisite subjects:

  • Chemistry
  • English
  • Mathematics (Methods) - Not General Mathematics

While subjects such as Biology and Physics, may scale well in a student’s application to medical school, it is not required, so we advise that students choose subjects that they are passionate about.

What Subjects should I be taking for UK Med?

Early preparation begins with subject selection. The subjects that students take in high school (and how well they perform in them) is one of the many factors that will determine their success in gaining admission into medical school. All medical schools require the following prerequisite subject:


  • A-Level Chemistry

Highly recommended:

  • At least one A-Level in Biology (or Human Biology), Mathematics or Physics

Do I need to do well in high school for NZ Med?

Students aiming for Entry to Biomedical Science or Health Science first year must achieve the following results in high school in order to be eligible for consideration

Biomedical Science

  • NCEA: 280 (40 E + 40 M)
  • CIE: 310 (ABB)
  • IB: 33

Health Science

  • 250* (10 E + 70 M)
  • 300* (BBB)
  • IB: 33

* the lowest score to be considered. Students should be aiming for as high as possible to guarantee acceptance.

Tips for Your Final Year of High School

Take a Genuine Interest in Your Subjects

Teachers respond very well to students who are genuinely interested in their subjects. This applies especially to those where the content being studied is subjective and where said teachers can get to know how you write or what kind of ideas you like to express in your written work. Such examples include humanities subjects like history, economics, psychology or business, and of course English. While it it true that a lot of the assessment for secondary school curriculums in these subjects is marked externally, teachers are not only more willing to invest time in keen students, making their work incrementally better throughout high school, but they are also more likely to pick up on the smaller consistent errors that students make in the way they structure arguments or the flow of ideas. Overall, overtly expressing interest in subjective subjects increases your chances of receiving feedback that will yield you better results in your final exams.

Set Goals, Not Time Limits

Among the most common questions that high school students ask is: “How many hours should I be studying per night?”. The answer to this question is: You are asking the wrong question. Designing a study schedule with a specific amount of time allotted to each subject per night is ironically a time-waster. This is because it is impossible to ascertain how long one will need in order to learn new content. Reaction kinetics in chemistry might be easy for you, but photosynthesis in biology, not so much. A proper understanding of the latter might require you to spend a disproportionate amount of time on YouTube looking at videos to help it make sense. It is for this reason that goals that are not time-based should be set by students.

Furthermore, past-papers and practice exams at the back of textbooks make for excellent study resources once students have learned their content to a sufficient extent. In this way, students can set goals like “1 past paper per night every night this week”. This not only helps to solidify knowledge and assess how well one can apply it under simulated exam conditions, but it gets students out of the habit of formulating time-based goals.

Schedule in Time Off

Perhaps the most important point, and there’s not much more to it than this. Make time to go to that party, enjoy spending the day with your family, watch Netflix, or get Ubereats. You don’t have to go at 100km per hour every day of the year.=

Be Patient

Perhaps the most important piece of advice. You are going to face an uphill battle with the balancing act that takes over your life in this period, so approach this time with the knowledge that good grades takes training, and learning how to organise your priorities takes experience. Each of these takes time. Keep your head up and stay the course! You have what it takes to achieve your goals.

What is the ATAR?

ATAR stands for Australian Tertiary Admissions Rank and is a rank of your academic achievement compared to every single Australian student in your year.

Every student upon leaving school in Australia receives an ATAR. Each student’s rank reflects a direct, scaled comparison of that student’s performance against that of every other student finishing in Australia in that same year. As such, a student’s ATAR is a percentile score, with the top score being 99.95. It should be noted that even if students complete alternative/international curricula such as the International Baccalaureate or Cambridge CIE, Australian medical schools will convert these scores to an ATAR in attempt to compare all candidates on equal grounds.

In the context of minimum ATAR requirements for medical school, there is no one answer. A general rule for students to follow is that an ATAR exceeding 99.00 is likely to be a competitive score. However, it is at the discretion of each university to place as much weighting as they see fit, on the ATAR. By way of example, The University of Sydney’s program requires its students to obtain a perfect ATAR score of 99.95 to be eligible for admission. Other universities will place greater emphasis on different elements of the process such as the entrance exams (e.g. UCAT), portfolios or interview performance, in which these cases may reflect a lower ATAR score required.

Why do we have an ATAR?

There are a great number of curriculums offered in Australia from local state streams such as the HSC, VCE, WACE, QCE and SACE

to international streams such as the IB and A-Levels. All of these curriculums differ slightly and calculate their own final scores. Therefore, to fairly rank all Australian high school graduates, the ATAR is used.

How is the ATAR calculated?

All the year 12 and other curriculums around Australia include a mixture of internal assessments (tests, assignments and investigations) and external assessments (state-wide examinations). A mixture of these assessments are calculated together to form a final mark or grade for that subject, which is then combined with the rest of your subjects.

In the end you will receive an aggregate score whether that be out of 100 for the WACE, 90 for the SACE, 45 for the IB, or something else entirely. No matter which curriculum you sit, this final score is automatically converted every year into your ATAR. All curriculums around Australia also have variations of scaling and moderation.

Finally, some streams will encourage the study of certain subjects with “bonus points”. This differs from stream to stream and having the right insider knowledge here is critical to being successful with your medical application.

ATAR Requirements and Cutoffs

When you apply to an Australian medical school, your curriculum will be converted to an ATAR score so that the medical schools can accurately assess your performance against other applicants.

Let's take a look at the ATAR cut-offs for each university that offers medicine in Australia.

Atar Cutoff Blog

  1. Bonded Medical Place (BMP): This scheme allows you to have a slightly lower ATAR and UCAT result; however, you must spend a year practising in rural Australia after graduation. While this may not sound ideal, practising in an area that lacks enough doctors will give you a more hands-on experience and more responsibility than you would receive at a large hospital with many qualified doctors.
  2. Identify as an Aboriginal or Torres Strait: If, by chance, you're an Australian native then you're subject to lower cut-offs.

First Year Pre-Med

There are four core papers at Auckland University that determine your GPA success no matter what path you’ve taken and they are:

  1. BIOSCI 107 - Foundations of Biological Science
  2. CHEM 110 - Chemistry of Life Science
  3. POPLHLTH 111 - Population Health
  4. MEDSCI 142 - Foundations of Medical Science

The first three are offered in the first semester and MEDSCI 142 is in the second semester. Going from high school to university is daunting enough but with the added stress of completing three of four core papers in the first semester means you need to be set for success.

At Otago, there are four core papers in semester one and three in semester two that determine your GPA’s success:

Semester One

  1. HUBS 191 - Human Body Systems I
  2. CELS 191 - Cell and Molecular Biology
  3. CHEM 191 - The Chemical Basis of Biology and Human Health
  4. PHYSI 191 - Biological Physics

Semester Two

  1. HUBS 192 - Human Body Systems II
  2. BIOC 192 - Foundations of Biochemistry
  3. POPH 192 - Population Health

A Common Misconception of Pre-Med

A common misconception is that students do not enrol into biomedical science because they are afraid of the physics paper which is absent in Health Science, however this is not a core paper. Meaning the grade you receive in this paper is less important than that of a core paper. The paper is however just the equivalent of year 12 and 13 physics.

However as always we recommend students enrol in the pathway they feel they will enjoy the most.

A lot of students don’t take the progress tests seriously as they aren’t worth a lot of marks however every point counts in FYHS.

How to effectively study in Pre-Med?

There are three main areas which students should prepare in advance to optimise their experience and chance of success.

Pre Studying

This means completing content on a course before the course has started. A good example is pre-reading and taking notes prior to a class to make sure you have a basic level of understanding before the class begins. This is what is so effective about MedView’s flying start course. We help you accelerate your knowledge of FYHS papers before they have even begun, this means you essentially know content before your peers do. An hour spent pre studying can take off 10 hours in the long run.

Staying Calm

Easier said than done I know. When there is a lot of information to cover in what feels like a short amount of time it is very easy to feel overwhelmed. In this situation it is essential to take a breath and determine what you are stressed about. Luckily each FYHS student with MedView is assigned an Education Coordinator, designed to take the stress away from you to make sure you can focus solely on your studies.

Not Enough Practice

Most students fall behind because they rely on memorisation over a short period of time and not on how the content will replicate examples in real life as a medical student or doctor. MedView’s weekly revision or test and exam revision courses allow students to practice what they have just been taught in a small intimate setting delivered by students who scored an A+ or top in their respective subjects.

Main Ideas v Details

Most students fall behind because they rely on memorisation of main ideas over a short period of time, which is exactly what you learnt to do during high school but unfortunately won’t work well in First Year Health Science. Knowing the finer details are a lot more important as they form the basic foundation of knowledge for your future years of studying medicine. Learning the finer details will help you replicate specific examples in real life as a medical student or doctor, forming deeper understandings. MedView’s Revision Courses give you the time and resources to focus on the finer details to build a more holistic understanding of the concepts in each core paper. Essentially aimed at saving you time and maximising your productivity in the exam. These classes are taught by current medical students who gained A+’s and topped their cohort for each paper, so they know all the tips and tricks to success!

The Curve of Forgetting

The curve of forgetting is essentially the decline in memory retention of time. Essentially the concept is: the first time you hear a lecture or study something new, you retain up to 80% of what you’ve learnt if you review the material within 24 hours. This is cumulative, so after a week, you may retain 100% of the same information. Students that study closer to the day they learnt the information are more likely to retain the information.

Standardised tests


What is the UCAT?

The UCAT ANZ is the University Clinical Aptitude Test. It is used in Australia, New Zealand and abroad for admission into a range of health science courses including medicine and dentistry. The UCAT is a 2 hour computer based psychometric test and is divided into separately timed sections:

  1. Verbal Reasoning
  2. Decision Making
  3. Quantitative Reasoning
  4. Abstract Reasoning
  5. Situational Judgement

Ucat Breakdown Blog

Verbal Reasoning

Verbal reasoning is the ability to comprehend, analyse, synthesise and drawing conclusions textual information. This is applying critical reasoning to written content.

44 Questions

29 seconds per question

Example Question:

Australia found that obesity rates in Australia have more than doubled in the two decades preceding 2003. This rise in obesity has been attributed to poor eating habits in the country closely related to the availability of fast food since the 1970s, sedentary lifestyles, and a decrease in the proportion of the labour workforce.

There are many ways to classify obesity, and a traditionally used one is to assess one’s Body Mass Index (BMI). This is determined by dividing weight in kilograms by height in metres, squared. If someone is overweight their BMI will be 25 or more. If someone is obese their BMI will be 30 or more. Someone who has a BMI of under 18.5 will be underweight. However, more recently, studies have shown that a BMI alone is not a good indicator of obesity, as there are people who carry excessive weight, but their health is not compromised, so they are not considered obese. A better measure would be to combine one’s BMI and their Waist to Hip Ratio (WHR), together with consideration of their lifestyle.

Indigenous Australians have Australia's highest level of obesity. Professor Paul Zimmet at Monash University released figures at the Diabetes in Indigenous People Forum in Melbourne, estimating the rate of diabetes from poor diet at 24% of all Torres Strait Islanders, and remarked that unless extra steps are taken with these groups, Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders will die out within 100 years.

According to the passage, which of the following is true?

(A) Australia has the third-highest prevalence of overweight adults in the world.
(B) Out of the English-speaking countries, Australia has the third-highest prevalence of obesity.
(C) Obesity rates have more than doubled from 1983 to 2003 in Australia.
(D) All of the above

According to the passage, which of the following is true?

(A) A sedentary lifestyle can lead to obesity.
(B) There has been an increase of poor eating habits since 1970 in Australia.
(C) The labour workforce of Australia is smaller now than it had been in 1970.
(D) Increased consumption of fast foods is one of the key drivers of the increase in obesity rates.

Decision Making

In the UCAT, decision making refers to an umbrella of related abilities centred on drawing conclusions from diverse and complicated sources of information. An understanding of logical arguments is key for this section in addition to being able to interpret data from text, charts, tables, graphs, and other diagrams.

29 Questions

64 seconds per question

Example Question:

Not everybody at the music festival enjoyed Electronic Dance Music. All that did enjoy Electronic Dance Music also enjoyed Rhythm and Blues. However, some people who enjoyed Electronic Dance Music did not enjoy Jazz. All the people who enjoyed Rock at the concert also enjoyed Rhythm and Blues.

Place “Yes” if the conclusion does follow. Place “No” if the conclusion does not follow.

Conclusion: At least some concert-goers that enjoyed Jazz also enjoyed Electronic Dance Music.

(A) Yes
(B) No

Conclusion: At least some concert-goers that enjoyed Rhythm and Blues also enjoyed Jazz.

(A) Yes
(B) No

Quantitative Reasoning

Quantitative reasoning is more than numbers and mental arithmetic. It is focused on sound reasoning which is grounded in numbers: statistics, figures, and costs. All candidates will have access to an onscreen calculator. This section is comprised of nine Scenarios with four questions each.

36 Questions

40 seconds per question

Example Question:

Using Goldman Exchange, how many pounds did she exchange if she ended up with $1000?

(A) 793
(B) 800
(C) 1015
(D) 1261
(E) 1280

Image 14

Abstract Reasoning

Abstract reasoning tests the ability to discern, analyse, and synthesise information. Students must be efficient in iterative thinking with the ability to constantly generate hypotheses and modify them dependent on their success.

55 Questions

14 seconds per question

Example Question:

Image 15

Screen Shot 2019 03 12 At 3 05 17 Pm

Situational Judgement

Situational judgement focuses on clinical scenarios that involve university and medical students. These scenarios evaluate a candidate’s integrity and ability to respond to difficult situations. Broadly, this section seeks to evaluate the emotional quotient (EQ) that is more applicable to future careers in health sciences.

69 Questions

25 Seconds

Example Question:

James and Clair are both medical students. They are observing a colonoscopy, performed by a senior gastroenterologist, Dr Michaels. After the patient is put under anaesthesia, Dr Michaels instructs both students to perform a digital-rectal examination on the patient, as he believes that it would be a valuable learning experience.

How important to take into account are the following considerations for James and Clair, when deciding how to respond to the situation.

The students did not get a chance to obtain consent from the patient for the digital rectal exam, as the patient was under anaesthesia.

(A) Very important
(B) Important
(C) Of minor importance
(D) Not important at all

The patient was consented by Dr Michaels before the procedure, during which he explained to the patient that he might perform a digital-rectal exam to screen for certain diseases.

(A) Very important
(B) Important
(C) Of minor importance
(D) Not important at all

How is the UCAT scored?

The first thing to keep in mind is that the UCAT exam has no pass score. How well a candidate performs on the exam is expressed as a percentile which directly reflects how well said candidate has done relative to all others sitting the exam. For example, a percentile score of 95 means that a student has scored better than 95% of students, and worse than 5% of students. This being said, universities technically do not decide on an arbitrary cut-off for the UCAT before student results and applications are in. They execute a “top-down” approach, whereby they fill their medical school spots starting with the highest performers who preference said university first. The published cutoffs for each year are therefore retrospective and usually reflect the lowest UCAT score accepted that year.

How are UCAT scores calculated?

UCAT scores are calculated by converting the number of questions you got right into a ‘scaled score’. For more information about scaled score, check out our Exams and Interviews eBook. This ranges from 300 to 900 in each subtest. Your scores in each of the four cognitive subtests are added together to form an overall UCAT cognitive subtest score, which ranges from 1200 to 3600. Students also receive a separate score for UCAT Situational Judgement ranging from 300 to 900.

Raw scores in each of Abstract Reasoning, Decision Making, Quantitative Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning are converted to a Scaled Score between 300 - 900. This means a total score of between 1200 - 3600. Situational Judgement results are expressed in Bands with the highest being Band 1, and the lowest Band 4.

How are the UCAT scores used?

UCAT results are made available prior to most application deadlines. The consortium will advise applicants to use their results to guide their academic choices, to reduce the chance of a dead-end application. However, universities will advise applicants to use your UCAT results to determine eligibility.

What is a good UCAT score?

There is no clear indicator as to a ‘good’ UCAT score. However, we can assume that anything higher than one standard deviation above the mean can be considered a ‘good’ UCAT score.

Ucat Table

How to prepare for the UCAT

When Should I start Preparing?

So we know that the UCAT is competitive, as evidenced by the fact that your score is going to be a direct reflection of how well you shape up relative to the other 14,000 students sitting the exam at the same time as you. What do you do about this? The answer is simple. Give yourself a competitive edge. Start your research now, acquire MedView preparation resources, secure a mentor, and plan. It’s no secret that most students will forget about the UCAT until a couple of months before they are due to sit it. They will purchase some last minute question materials and cram for 3-4 hours per day in the lead-up time. Meanwhile, their grades at school will slip, their anxiety levels will rise, and they will be stressed, leading to poorer sleep, and overall worse performance on the day. Don’t be this student. Understand that the fundamental pillar of preparation for any standardised exam is consistency, over a long period of time. This way, you develop skills, and the practice becomes part of your routine, and not something that disrupts it. This is analogous to the learning of a difficult piano piece over the course of a year. Practising every second day in manageable segments is going to be far more effective than cramming in multiple hours of practice per day in the two months leading up to the piano recital. So the moral of the story here is: If you are at any point in your journey towards medical school, and know for sure that it is what you want to do, speak to an Academic Advisor and start your UCAT preparation with MedView now!

How Often Should I Practice?

3, 4 or 5 hours of practice per day is not only impractical, but also suboptimal. UCAT study should ideally be moulded around your school study, because more often than not, school exit scores or GPA will be the first thing that selection boards look at, before ordering candidates based on their UCAT score. As such, the amount of time that each student dedicates towards preparation for the UCAT will vary. Furthermore, preparation should be goal driven. This means that you should be setting yourself performance goals (e.g. five abstract reasoning questions correct today) as opposed to time-based goals (20 minutes of abstract reasoning questions today).

What Medical Schools require the UCAT?


The below universities in Australia require students to sit the UCAT for undergraduate medical admission:

  • The University of Adelaide
  • Curtin University
  • Flinders University
  • Monash University
  • The University of Newcastle/University of New England
  • The University of New South Wales
  • The University of Queensland
  • University of Tasmania
  • The University of Western Australia
  • Western Sydney University

The two universities that offer medicine in New Zealand also require the UCAT:

  • The University of Auckland
  • University of Otago

If you want to go to medical school in Australia, you need to sit the UCAT in your final year of high school. Because you need to complete a one-year degree before medical school in New Zealand, you won’t need to sit the UCAT until you are at university.

Each university has its own UCAT cut-offs but like your high school scores, just meeting the UCAT cut offs isn’t enough. You’ll need to exceed the score expectations to have a chance of getting accepted in a medical school.

Who is eligible?

Students who are in their final year of high school and their first year of a health science degree at university. Students in lower year levels are not eligible.

When can I take the UCAT?

Candidates can choose when to take the UCAT on a selected day between the 1st and 31st of July. For a given academic year in New Zealand, the UCAT can only be taken once a year, whereas Australian students can only sit it once in their final year.

Where can I regsiter?

Candidates must use the Pearson VUE online registration system to register and then book a test. Registrations begin in March and end in mid-May.

Is there a testing centre near me?

Candidates can choose to sit the UCAT in major metropolitan and regional sites. At major sites, candidates can choose any date from the 4 week period between the 1st and 31st of July. Other testing centres will only be open for a few dates in that period.

New Zealand
Open for all 4 weeks
Open for 3 weeks
Open for 2 weeks
Open for 1 week

Major Testing Centres
Centres open for all 4 weeks
Other Testing Centres
Only selected dates available
Wagga Wagga
Port Macquarie
Gold Coast
Alice Springs
Mt Gambier

The UCAT can also be sat overseas. Please contact the UCAT ANZ administrators, Pearson Vue, for more information.

How long do my results last?

Results are received on the day of the UCAT. Expect these results to hold currency for one year.

How much does it cost to sit the UCAT?

The cost to sit the UCAT in New Zealand is NZ$298.00, and AU$298.00 in Australia. A reduced test fee will be available for current Health Care Card or Pensioner Concession Card holders.

Will I need to take the UCAT to study undergraduate medicine?

With the exception of James Cook University, Bond University and The University of Sydney, all undergraduate medicine programs require the UCAT. Several direct entry postgraduate programs also require the UCAT. Select Dentistry and Health Sciences courses may also require the UCAT.


What is the GAMSAT?

The GAMSAT is the Graduate Australian Medical Schools Admissions Test. It is used in Australia, New Zealand and the UK for admission into a range of health science courses including medicine and dentistry. It was devised over a decade ago to replicate the MCAT, however has since evolved from a knowledge test into an aptitude exam, making it easier for non-science students to perform well. The GAMSAT is 6 hours long and broken down into the following sections:

  1. Section One: Reasoning in the Humanities and Social Sciences
  2. Section Two: Written Communication
  3. Section Three:Reasoning in the Physical and Biological Sciences

Gasmat Breakdown

How long is the exam?

The GAMSAT exam is six hours long with a one hour break between Section Two and Section Three.

Section One: Reasoning in Humanities and Social Science

75 questions designed to assess your comprehension and synthesis of complex information over 110 minutes.

75 Questions

110 Minutes

Skills assessed: Comprehension, analysis, synthesising information and critical reasoning.

Section one includes a variety of graphs, poems, texts and proverbs which require you to understand concepts, interpret them in different ways and apply them to multiple questions.

A lot of students trip up on establishing the difference between what a text says, and what it means. Meaning any answer might be justifiably correct, but not always the most correct

Example Question

The following quotes relate to the concept of justice.

Observe good faith and justice toward all nations. Cultivate peace and harmony with all.

Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.

I'm for truth, no matter who tells it. I'm for justice, no matter who it's for or against.

Justice cannot be for one side alone, but must be for both.

The dead cannot cry out for justice. It is a duty of the living to do so for them.

There is no crueler tyranny than that which is perpetuated under the shield of law and in the name of justice.

It is certain, in any case, that ignorance, allied with power, is the most ferocious enemy justice can have.

There is a higher court than courts of justice and that is the court of conscience. It supersedes all other courts.

Which of the following sets of quotes are most strongly related?

(A) 2 and 8.
(B) 6 and 7.
(C) 1 and 3.
(D) 3 and 4.

Section Two: Written Communication

Consists of two essays - one sociocultural and one personal - responding to the general theme of 5 provided quotes and written in under an hour.

2 Essays Required

60 Minutes

Skills assessed: Essays, structure and content.

Section two contains 2 prompt sets of essay questions. The first essay requires you to discuss themes of a socio-cultural nature while the second is more reflective, and will require you to think critically and deeply about your own understanding and application of the topic.

If it’s been a while since you finished high school, then this is the hardest section by far, since you have to complete two 500-word essays in an hour. But the speed at which you have to write isn’t the problem. 50% of the mark is what you write, but the other 50% is how you write it. This means you don’t just have to write quickly, you have to write well and you have to think well too. It is essential to have a structure in mind, practice it and stick to it.

Example Question

1. Creativity is the defeat of habit by originality. (Arthur Koestler)
2. Create like a god; command like a king; work like a slave. (Constantin Brancusi)
3. Truth and reality in art do not arise until you no longer understand what you are doing. (Henri Matisse)
4. You are lost the instant you know what the result will be. (Juan Gris)
5. An essential aspect of creativity is not being afraid to fail. (Edwin Land)

Section Three: Reasoning in Biological and Physical Sciences

Consists of 110 questions to assess your reasoning in the areas of physical and organic chemistry, biological physics, and pure biology, over the course of 3 hours.

110 Questions

180 Minutes

Skills assessed: Scientific reasoning and scientific knowledge.

Section three is entirely multiple choice, made up of 40% biology, 40% chemistry and 20% physics questions. An understanding of scientific concepts prior to your exam is essential to be successful.

To get quicker and score higher at this section, the best thing to do is practice, practice, practice! This section is three hours, it’s brain draining and most people don’t finish so you need to make sure you know what to expect, and how to tackle any question that comes your way. MedView’ Question Bank is in my opinion the perfect resource to help you practice! With over 2500+ questions and 3 full length exams you can practice all types of biology, chemistry and physics questions both in your own time and under mock exam conditions.

Example Question

Within the lung, there exists a mechanical interdependence between the chest wall and the lung surface. This mechanical interdependence is mediated by the pleura, a fluid-filled, sealed cavity between the muscles of inspiration and expiration, and the lung itself. The function of the pleura is to allow are mobility of the lung, whilst still forcing it to expand upon inspiration. The pleura is a sealed cavity, and the pressure of the pleural fluid is approximately 756mmHg. This is why we refer to human respiration as ‘negative-pressure breathing’ since the body aims to equilibrate the negative pressure of the lung in response to the pull of the pleura with the pressure of outside air (760mmHg). At rest, the inward elastic recoil of the lung is balanced by the outward elastic recoil of the chest wall, expressed as the transpulmonary pressure (TP) = Alveolar pressure (A) - Intrapleural pressure (IP). Thus, at rest, transpulmonary pressure usually exists at around 4mmHg. We generally assume alveoli have pressure consistent with external air, since the movement of air is free and rapid up and down the airway.

Often, patients presenting to the emergency department with chest wounds suffer from pneumothorax, in which the pleura has been compromised and is no longer a sealed, pressurised Space. The ventilation perfusion ratio (V/Q) is the ratio between how much air enters the alveoli (ventilation), and how much alveolar oxygen enters the blood (perfusion).

Upon inspiration, Which factor(s) in the equation TP = A-IP increase(s) relative to all others?

(A) Transpulmonary pressure
(B) Alveolar pressure
(C) Intrapleural pressure
(D) Transpulmonary and alveolar pressure

Who is eligible?

Students who are in their final or final-minus-one year of an undergraduate degree, or up to ten years after completion of their undergraduate degree.

Will I need the GAMSAT to study postgraduate medicine?

Yes, all postgraduate medicine programs require the GAMSAT.

When can I take the GAMSAT?

Candidates can choose to take the GAMSAT in March or in September. For a given academic year, the GAMSAT can be taken twice.

How is the GAMSAT score calculated?

Upon completion of the GAMSAT exam you will receive a score for each section and an overall percentage score which ranks your score in comparison to all other students sitting the exam. Your GAMSAT score is valid for two years following the test date and you can sit the exam twice per admissions cycle (March and September).

It's impossible to predict your own GAMSAT Score from test material. The score is calculated from (1x your Section One results, 1x your Section Two results and 2x your Section Three results) /4. Your score is a percentile, relative to everyone else’s score, and is thus not something you can accurately calculate yourself.

Your GAMSAT score breakdown - the score for each section is what is most important in your GEMSAS application, as different universities put different weightings on each section. For example, most universities apart from the University of Melbourne, the University of Western Sydney, and the University of Queensland use the traditional weighting system, which weighs Section Three twice as much as Section One and Two.

Hot tip: To make sure you have a strong score against this weighting system, it is important to make sure you’re disproportionately strong in Section Three, or particularly poor in either Section One or Two

To complicate things further, each university accepts different ranges of GAMSAT scores. To make sure your preference list is favourable to your skills and GAMSAT abilities, MedView’s postgraduate entry application support program can help. Specifically designed by postgraduate medical students and admissions experts, this program will help you better succeed in your application.

Where can I register?

Candidates must apply to the Australian Council for Education Research (ACER) online registration system to register and then book a test. Registrations open in November and close at the start of February for the March exam. Registrations for the September sitting, open in April and close at the start of August.

What universities require the GAMSAT?

When applying for postgraduate entry medicine in Australia, there is one centralised online application portal - GEMSAS. The Graduate Entry Medical Schools Admission System. GEMSAS is run by the GAMSAT consortium, which comprises of 10 out the 13 postgraduate medical schools in Australia which include:

  • Melbourne University
  • Deakin University
  • Australian National University
  • Wollongong University
  • University of Notre Dame
  • Macquarie University
  • Griffith University
  • Queensland University
  • University of Western Australia

The three universities that aren’t apart of GEMSAS include:

  • Sydney University
  • Flinders
  • Monash

(Sydney and Flinders require the GAMSAT exam and direct application and Monash requires students to have completed their undergraduate degree at Monash).

This system allows you to choose from three to six medical schools, then uses calculations to allocate an interview and medical school offer based on your eligibility and highest preferred postgraduate medical school. You are offered a maximum of one interview. Your application to GEMSAS is a single online application form, a preference list of up medical schools, as well as your undergraduate degree transcript.

What is GEMSAS?

GEMSAS is the Graduate Education Medical Schools Admissions Systems consortium responsible for GAMSAT admissions which includes a combination of almost all universities - excluding Flinders, Bond, Monash and Sydney

If you apply through GEMSAS you list your 6 preferred universities and you will be offered a maximum of one interview, which is an interview at your highest preferenced university that you are eligible for.

Where can I sit the GAMSAT?

Candidates can choose to sit the GAMSAT in major metropolitan and regional sites.

Major Testing Centres:


United Kingdom


United States
Washington DC

New Zealand
Wellington - Only available for March

How long do my results last?

Results are received mid-May for the March GAMSAT and November for the September GAMSAT. The results hold currency for one year.

How much does it cost to sit?


When should I choose to sit the GAMSAT?

If you have completed a Bachelor of honours degree, or if you are going to be in your penultimate or final year of study, then you are eligible to take the GAMSAT exam.

The GAMSAT exam can be sat twice a year - March and September. However, if you are planning on sitting the GAMSAT and using your results straight away, note the results from the 4 examination cycles prior to your May application deadlines are eligible to be used in your application. There is a strategy as to when to sit the exam.

The GAMSAT can be sat in March or September. The March sitting corresponds to a quiet period in Semester One of University. The September sitting corresponds to a much more busy period towards the end of Semester Two.

How is my GPA calculated for Postgraduate Admissions?

Another element of admission into postgraduate medical school is the GPA hurdle. Your GPA is your Grade Point Average, which is the weighted mean of all your grades achieved in the final 3 years equivalent of full time undergraduate study.

Firstly, a lot of people believe that you can only apply to postgraduate medicine if you have completed a medical related degree - e.g., Nursing, Biomedical Science etc. However this is not correct, yes there are discrepancies between universities in terms of GPA cut offs, but there is no advantage or disadvantage to the degree achieved, or the university in which your degree was achieved.

However, your degree must have been completed in the last 10 years, unless postgraduate study has commenced. It is at the discretion of the university as to whether your postgraduate study is considered in the calculation of your GPA but most of the time, it is your last three years that are considered.

It would be correct to assume Honours years also add a level of complexity to your application. The University of Melbourne and the University of Western Australia require your Honours to be completed by mid year of your application cycle for it to be considered in your GPA calculation. The University of Melbourne, Deakin University and Macquarie University will also only consider specific Honours subjects, not your overall Honours grade and this information will not be released to you prior to your postgraduate entry application.

To determine your GPA weighted grade the following calculation is used:

Most Recent GPA = Weighted x3

Most Recent -1 GPA = Weighted x2

Most Recent -2 GPA = Weighted x1

Your average GPA is calculated by dividing the result by 6. GEMSAS places a higher emphasis on the latter years of study which is reflected in their calculations, as they assume the level of intelligence is higher the longer you study.

However, several universities calculate the GPA differently. The University of Western Australia weighs every year the same and does not require a competitive GPA just a threshold over 5.0. UWA, also used a system called FTE which fairly evaluates all students. This means a minimum of two subjects/courses are required to be taken in the final semester/in your application semester in order to achieve a 25% FTE and be considered for a place.

What do I bring on exam day?

On exam day make sure you have a huge breakfast because you have a big day ahead. Also pack lunch, because it takes the stress away of having to find a cafe on the day. You will be required to report to your selected test centre by 8.15am but make sure to check your admission ticket beforehand to make sure.

You will need to also bring photo identification. This can include a passport, drivers licence.

You will be sitting the exam for a total of 5.5 hours, 25 minutes of reading time and 1 hour for lunch between section two and three.

How is the GAMSAT different to the UCAT?

The GAMSAT is not a problem solving exam like the UCAT. It requires you to study in the areas of Biology, Chemistry and Physics, and requires you to develop your essay-writing skills.


What is the BMAT?

The BMAT is an aptitude test used as part of the medical school admissions process in the United Kingdom, Singapore, Spain, Malaysia, Thailand, Hungary, Croatia and the Netherlands

Section One: Thinking Skills

Section one of the BMAT tests your problem solving skills, ability to understand arguments and data analysis and inference. You will answer 32 multiple choice questions in 60 minutes

Section Two: Scientific Knowledge and Application

Section two of the BMAT assess ones ability to apply scientific knowledge. Typically covering university level Science and Mathematics. You will answer 27 multiple choice questions in 30 minutes.

Section Three: Writing Task

Section three of the BMAT assess your ability to select, organise and develop ideas and communicate them in writing, concisely and effectively. You will have one writing task with a choice of three questions in 30 minutes.

What are the key differences between the UCAT and the BMAT?

Although both the UCAT and BMAT test the way that you think, they consist of different sections, which test different aptitudes to each other. The UCAT test splits questions into 5 sections: quantitative reasoning, verbal reasoning, abstract reasoning, decision making and situational judgement, while the BMAT tests these forms of critical thinking in the first of three separate sections (The BMAT tests critical thinking, numerical and spatial reasoning and problem-solving, in a range of questions in Section 1.) The key difference between the BMAT and the UCAT is that there is no equivalent of the BMAT’s section 2 and 3 for the UCAT, with Section 2 of the BMAT testing a student’s scientific knowledge (to GCSE standard) and Section 3 requiring the applicant to write an essay (testing a student’s ability to structure and write an argument). These extra skills tested in the BMAT as compared to the UKCAT are an important consideration when choosing which exams to take.

While the UCAT offers a series of testing dates between July and October, the BMAT limits applicants to one sitting only - either the August or October exam. It is worth noting that Oxford University ONLY accepts scores taken at the October exam so if you are thinking of applying to Oxford you must take the test in October only.

background image

Join your FREE monthly digest of the latest in med school!

Stay up-to-date on med school admissions with On The Pulse

Medical Interview

What is the MMI?

The medical interview is your last step towards achieving your goal of becoming a doctor. During the MMI, each student spends between eight to ten minutes at each station, of which there are eight. Students have two minutes of reading time per station, with the remaining six to eight allocated as interview time.

While the interviewers are judging you from a holistic perspective, there are some key skills and characteristics they are looking for, including:

  • Communication
  • Quality of argument
  • Critical thinking
  • Creativity
  • Social responsibility
  • Cultural safety
  • Awareness of health issues
  • Moral reasoning
  • Self-awareness
  • Empathy
  • Conflict resolution
  • Career choice
  • Teamwork
  • Self-care

Each mini interview will assess you on two to three of these qualities.

The most difficult part about the MMI is not just answering the questions - although that’s hard too - it’s about making your answer stand out. You have to have your own personal reason that you know the interviewer will resonate with and remember. Try doing that for 8 stations in a row!

What universities use MMI?

The Multiple Mini Interview (MMI) is used by the following Australian and New Zealand medical schools

  • Australian National University
  • Bond University
  • Deakin University
  • Griffith University
  • Monash University
  • The University of Auckland
  • The University of Melbourne
  • The University of Notre Dame
  • The University of Sydney
  • The University of Wollongong

Who is eligible?

Students are eligible and will be invited for an interview based their scores from either the UCAT or GAMSAT exams.

What happens during the MMI?

During the MMI, an applicant moves from station to station in timed intervals. Each station will be a separate interview to assess a different soft skill. Prior to each interview, students will be given a prompt, normally in text or video format. In the short breaks between each station you are given evaluate the next prompt. These prompts can be interpreted differently and are often intentionally vague to assess how you navigate ambiguous situations.

MMIs will typically be delivered face to face. Some interviewing stations do allow for video conferencing.

Who uses the MMI Interview?

The following universities are advocates for the MMI:

  • University of Sydney
  • University of Wollongong
  • Australian National University
  • University of Melbourne
  • Monash University
  • Deakin University
  • Griffith University
  • University of Notre Dame
  • Bond University
  • University of Auckland (NZ)

There are a few universities that use a different style of interviewing to assess applicants:

  • UNSW: Semi-structured interview
  • Flinders University: Semi-structured interview
  • James Cook University: Semi-structured interview
  • University of Adelaide: A mix between the MMI and semi-structured interviews
  • The University of Newcastle: Multiple Skills Assessment
  • University of Sydney (Double-Degree Medicine): Unstructured interview

The following universities that don’t require an interview for admission into medicine:

  • University of Queensland
  • Griffith University
  • Charles Darwin University
  • University of Tasmania
  • University of Otago

Building your Personal Profile

From now until your interview, you will need to build your personal profile. Your personal profile is the essence of who you are, it is your ‘self-knowledge’.

It should consist of:

  • The experiences that have moulded you into who you are now
  • Goals you have set yourself
  • Things that motivate you
  • Role models and people you admire
  • Your strengths and weaknesses
  • Opinions, views, concerns, feelings
  • Your personality, character and attitude to life
  • Learning by reflection

This will be the hardest and most complex task you will undertake, but it is certainly the most rewarding. This is not an activity of changing oneself, or fabricating your character to make you into the perfect medical candidate but rather learning about who you really are. During the interview you will b asked questions relating to your personal profile. It is very hard to answer effectively if you have not thought about it beforehand!

How to answer 'Why You Want to be a Doctor'?

Students in school or undergraduate university who are gunning for a medical school spot spend so much of their time focused on getting the grades for standardised tests and maximising their GPA, that sometimes they can lose track of what is driving them to study medicine in the first place. Medical school and the career that follows is a massive commitment, and interview panel members want to be sure that they are selecting candidates who know this, and can demonstrate true insight into why they want to be a doctor and hence are deserving of a spot in their program.

As a student taking either the multiple mini interview (MMI) or semi-structured interview (SSI), some variation of the question: “why do you want to be a doctor?” is bound to be asked at some point. Have a good answer to this question that goes beyond the old and tired responses usually provided by aspiring medical students:

  1. “...because I want to help people”
  2. “...because I like science”

So what kind of responses are they looking for? The answer to this question is simple: Something that makes you unique, original and MEMORABLE! Tell a story of your personal struggles related to health, or do some research into the latest health inequalities and why some of those in particular strike a chord within you. Sources of inspiration that can help you to flesh out the reasons behind why you have chosen this path are everywhere. From medical TV shows, to instagram accounts of famous doctors, books, blogs, etc. The world of information is your oyster, so use it to develop a well-thought out response to the bread and butter of medical interview questions.

How is the MMI evaluated?

During each station, after your interview the interviewer will assess your performance based on the Likert scale from 1-10, where 1 is “Unsuitable for the profession”, and 10 is “Outstanding”. You will not receive any feedback from an interviewer at any time throughout the interview.

These interviewers are not evaluating your pre-existing medical or clinical knowledge, but rather how you communicate, navigate difficult situations, process information, and overall suitability for a position in the medical field.


What is it that draws you to this profession? What need does it fulfil? What do you want to achieve in the medical field? These types of questions will assess your desire to become a doctor and your views toward the medical field.

Example Question:

You are currently a student completing your final VCE exams. You’re not quite sure whether you want to go to university as you aspire to be a concert pianist – your parents however, have different plans for your future. In spite of your career aspirations, your parents want you to study medicine.

  1. How would you go about telling your parents that you don’t want to do medicine?
  2. Do you think it is right to do medicine because your parents want you to?
  3. What do you think are the right reasons for wanting to do medicine?
  4. What are the potential repercussions of pursuing a career that you do not want todo?
  5. What will you choose to do – pursue your career or please your parents?Why?


Leadership and teamwork are crucial elements of practice in the medical profession. As a doctor, you’ll play a key leadership role that involves problem solving, decision making, and coordinating the efforts of others.

Example Question:

In 2007, the American Family Physician Journal published an article exploring the issue of physicians as role models, using a scenario in which an obese physician is offering nutrition and exercise counselling to his obese patient. According to the author’s research, patients have more confidence in health-counselling advice from non-obese versus obese physicians, and physicians with poor personal lifestyle habits are less likely to counsel patients about a healthy lifestyle. Based on these research findings do physicians have a responsibility to act as healthy role models to their patients? Please elaborate.

  1. Is a physician who does not follow a healthy lifestyle employing a double standard when they are providing lifestyle-counselling? Explain.
  2. Do you think there is a difference between unhealthy lifestyle habits that manifest themselves more visibly than others (e.g. obesity versus smoking)? Explain.
  3. What determines whether or not another person is a role model? Who decides and why?
  4. What are the limits to this responsibility?
  5. Do you have any additional comments before we end this discussion?

Moral and Ethical Judgement

It’s inevitable that you’ll face some moral grey areas as a doctor. A key skill is the ability to form a strong opinion before making a measured decision – and most universities will have a station or two to test how you would solve these issues.

Example Question:

You are the head of a committee involved in issuing a donation of $50,000 to a charitable organisation every year. The committee has short-listen three organisations this year, but is having trouble selecting which one will receive the donation. You must decide which charity receives the money, between the following charities:

  • St Vincent de Paul Society – an organisation committed to speaking out against the causes of poverty and inequality on behalf of demographics such as refugees and low-income citizens.
  • Possible Dreams International – an organisation which partners with rural and remote communities in Swaziland to empower families and individuals living with extreme poverty, malnutrition and endemic disease.
  • Red Dust – an organisation that delivers health promotion programs and community development projects to indigenous communities in rural Australia.You will be expected to choose an organisation and justify why you selected them.
  1. Which organisation would you pick and why?
  2. If you could split the money, how would you do so?
  3. Do you believe that volunteering work should be compulsory for high schoolchildren?
  4. What are the ethical issues that may arise by making volunteering work compulsory?
  5. Have you done any volunteering work? If so, where?

Problem Solving & Conflict Resolution

You are not a doctor yet, so the solutions to these types of questions won't have a clear answer. Questions like these will be used to assess how your mind works and how you reach solutions.

Example Question:

You are a receptionist in a medical centre. You have found out that a patient, Henry, is HIV positive. He is engaged to the Sandra, the daughter of your good friend, who as far as you are aware of does not know this.

  1. What are you going to do?
  2. Henry became HIV positive after a syringe attack when he worked in a petrol station.Would that change your view?
  3. Sandra’s mother found out about this, and she was furious that you did not tell her that Henry is HIV positive. What do you do?
  4. Should people with infectious diseases such as HIV be allowed to practise medicine?
  5. Currently in Australia there is mandatory reporting of new HIV diagnoses to theGovernment, do you think this is ethical?

Cultural Awareness

Being culturally sensitive is of utmost importance to doctors. These stations test your understanding of the significance of ethnicity in a health context.

Example Question:

You are a teacher in a rural primary school that is largely composed of indigenous children.There is a state funded program that provides $5000 per month to provide breakfast for the children as many are from disadvantaged background could not afford to be fed in the morning, and there had been a visible improvement in children’s performance now that they are guaranteed to have food in the morning. The president of the school board however, wants to scrap this program, and use the money to buy more books for the school library that had not been updated for two years now. He has stated that, “with a new library it will benefit all children, not just the black ones.”

  1. What would you say to the president of the board?
  2. What would happen if the breakfast program was scrapped?
  3. What would you do if the breakfast program was scrapped?
  4. What are the alternatives?
  5. A mother had complained that her son’s reading was not up to standard, and stated that she would rather see the money goes to more books. What would be your reply to that?

Australian, New Zealand and Global Health Issues

This interview station is set aside to test your knowledge your knowledge of health policy and medical news and trends in ANZ and and the world.

Example Question:

There has been recent debate regarding the benefits of feeding infants with baby formula as opposed to breast milk as well as the accessibility of baby formula in rural towns. In response, the concept of a breast milk bank has been put forth as a solution – such a bank would receive breast milk donations from women and distributes it to mothers who encounter difficulties with lactation.

  1. What are the benefits of breast milk over baby formula, particularly for those in rural towns?
  2. Are there any ethical issues that may arise following the introduction of breast milk banks?
  3. What else can be done to assist mothers who have difficulty lactating?
  4. What are issues that may be encountered by new mothers living rurally?
  5. What can be done to combat the lack of accessibility to healthcare in rural areas?

Researching the Health Sector

Having background knowledge of the health sector can be very helpful. It will help you to portray a greater level of insight in many of your answers and show the examiners that you understand where medicine fits in society. Doctors are not the only members of the health care team or even the most important. You need to have knowledge of the entire health sector from prevention to rehabilitation and the unique contributions of other member of the health care team. The following are some of the main areas of focus:

Public Health Care

Public hospitals are set up to provide free acute and elective health care to ensure that as many people as possible have access to essential health care services. Public health care is also about early intervention to prevent disease and morbidity. This is not only cost effective, it is better for the patient because doctors often cannot restore the patient to their previous state of health.

Private Health Care

Many people have private health insurance because it allows them to bypass the waiting times in the public health system for treatment of non-urgent conditions and allows the patient to choose their treating doctor. However, this can be expensive depending on the level of care received. People who have private health insurance are not excluded from public health services.

Primary Health Care

This relates to health care received in the community, usually from a GP or practice nurse. It includes a range of services, including health education, counselling, disease prevention and screening. Primary health care is essential for improving the health of all residents and reducing health inequalities.

Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Health Care

Refers to more specialised medical care; more expensive and less accessible than primary health care. Secondary care is a service provided by medical specialists after patients have been referred by their primary care provider (usually a GP). It is generally delivered in a hospital or clinical setting. Tertiary care is more specialised, including particularly complex medical or surgical procedures. Quaternary care is considered to be an extension of tertiary care, and would include experimental medicine and procedures, and uncommon specialised surgeries.

Pharmaceutical Costs

Medication costs play a significant part of any country’s health care budget, for New Zealand and Australia there are government organisations which regulate this. A country like America, which has an open market for pharmaceutical products, have a far greater range of products but prices are often more expensive.


The Pharmaceutical Management Agency of New Zealand’s central role is to manage the pharmaceutical budget on behalf of DHBs (District Health Boards), and to decide which medicines are funded by the government. The list of funded medicines is published in the Pharmaceutical Schedule.

The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS)

PBS is a program of the Australian government that provides subsidised prescription medications to residents of Australia, as well as certain foreign visitors. The PBS aims to ensure that Australian residents have affordable and reliable access to a wide range of necessary medicines.

Know your Target Medical School

When factoring in tuition, resources, medical education technology and registration fees, it costs the Government around $1 million in tax-payer money to bring a person through medical school until they are a doctor at a public university. As such, something I always tell my tutoring students is that medical schools are looking at each student as a possible investment opportunity. In other words, is this student worth this investment for this particular university? So how do you show the panel members that you are this student? Do your research into the specific university, the details of the course profile of the MD or MBBS offered, and float some ideas about which specific elements of the program offered at this university appeal to your career aspirations and goals the most. Students who are clearly invested in the specific medical school at which they are interviewing and have evidently taken the time to learn the ins and outs of the course profile preemptively, are more likely to be viewed as a good investment.

MMI Preparation Strategies

There are three strategies that will set you up for success in the MMI:

  1. Using cue cards
  2. Expanding your vocabulary
  3. Building your confidence

Cue Card System

The best way to prepare for the MMI is by answering practice questions.

However, it is important that you don’t memorise word for word your answers to questions. The interviewers do not want to hear recited, clichéd responses – and you will probably struggle to make any prepared responses “fit”.

The best way to use practice questions is with cue cards.

For every question you come across, think of two or three key points that you want to talk about. For each of these main points, have some topics and examples ready to explain or support that point.

For example:

Question: “What problems do you foresee being a doctor?”

A couple of prompts you could write on your cue cards include:

  • Work/life balance: Managing patient demands, family demands, and social demands
  • Stress: Taking on patients’ problems, long hours/being on call, ongoing professional development

Then, practise elaborating on these points in timed conditions until you feel comfortable with your delivery. By not writing your answers out word for word, you won’t come across as too rehearsed.

Expand Your Vocabulary

A broad vocabulary will add weight to your answers and ensure you sound impressive.

Write down a list of words and practise using them daily. Include positive action words as well as some basic medical lingo.

Some “buzzwords” that will score you points in your interviews include:

  • Disparities
  • Socioeconomic
  • Ethnicities
  • Therapy
  • Asymptomatic
  • Diagnosis
  • Acute
  • Chronic
  • Anatomy
  • Symptoms
  • Prognosis
  • Aetiology
  • Reaction
  • Adverse
  • Baseline
  • Multidisciplinary
  • Precaution

You also want to practise using some “action” words, such as:

  • Instituted
  • Implemented
  • Coordinated
  • Developed
  • Consolidated
  • Founded
  • Instructed
  • Researched
  • Scheduled
  • Reorganised
  • Recommended
  • Accomplished

Confidence Building

The best way to build confidence in any area is to practise, practise, practise!

If you’re subject to a bit of stage fright, you will need to work on building skills in this area. The last thing you want is nerves ruining all your hard work.

The good news is that confidence is developed, not inherited! But you will need to put some time into it.

To prepare yourself for the MMI, practice under timed conditions so there are no surprises on interview day. You can read our top tips and tricks and even practice in MMI conditions, check out our MMI prep offerings for the most up to date information.

Make sure you practise with friends and family, too, as they will offer you honest feedback and (hopefully!) encouragement. Bonus points if you do it under timed MMI-style conditions!

How to Present Yourself Well

It’s no secret that how you look on the day is important. Make sure your shirt is ironed, your hair tied up, your face cleanly shaven and your shoes new if not immaculately polished.

Even in a post-COVID world where hand-shaking may be a thing of the past, it is still possible to make a strong first impression with a smile upon entrance into the room. It is also important to remember that examiners understand that this may be the most stressful moment of your life to date, so being calm and collected enough to start any interaction with a pleasant “hello nice to meet you” is a simple but effective way to demonstrate that you are composed and deal well with stressful situations.

University selection / Application support

The University of Sydney


Local student: $10,596.00 AUD

International student: $74,000 AUD

Entry requirements:

Undergraduate double degree: Competent in English, 99.95 ATAR (or equivalent)

Postgraduate: Academic rank, GASMAT score and interview mark

QS World University Rankings:

Overall: 50

Dentistry: =41

Medicine: 15

Student enrolment:

Total: 29,461

International students: 8,568

The University of New South Wales


Local student: $63,576 AUD

International student: $254,880 AUD

Entry requirements:

Undergraduate: Academic rank, UCAT score and interview mark

Postgraduate: Academic rank, GAMSAT score and interview mark

QS World University Rankings:

Overall: 45

Medicine: 50

Student enrolment:

Total: 39,784

International students: 14,292

The University of Melbourne


Local student: $65,568 AUD

International student: $77,824 AUD

Entry requirements:

Undergraduate: 95+ ATAR (or equivalent)

Postgraduate: Academic rank, GAMSAT score and interview mark

QS World University Rankings:

Overall: =41

Dentistry: 28

Medicine: 19

Student enrolment:

Total: 42,182

International students: 18,030

Monash University


Local student: $9800 AUD

International student: $38,500 AUD

Entry requirements:

Undergraduate: UCAT, 94 ATAR (or equivalent), interview mark, school subject prerequisites (maths, english, science)

Postgraduate: Academic rank, GAMSAT score and interview mark

QS World University Rankings:

Overall: 60

Life sciences and medicine: =28

Medicine: =29

Student enrolment:

Total: 57,433

International students: 20,578

The University of Queensland


Local student:

  • Undergraduate: $8,712 AUD
  • Postgraduate: $10,596 AUD

International student:

  • Undergraduate: $32,112 AUD
  • Postgraduate: $69,120 AUD

Entry requirements:

Undergraduate: Queensland Year 12 English (or equivalent), high school OP 1 or 99 Entry Rank 99 (or equivalent) and a competitive overall UCAT score.

Postgraduate: A previous degree or qualification with a minimum GPA, relevant professional experience, compliance with special entry requirements, GAMSAT score.

QS World University Rankings:

Overall: =47

Life sciences and medicine: 32

Medicine: =42

Student enrolment:

Total: 37,497

International students: 10,420

The University of Auckland


Local student: $15,082.80 NZD

International student: $72,896 NZD

Entry requirements:

Undergraduate: UCAT score (15%), first year subjects GPA (60%), Multiple Mini Interview (25%), competent in English (prerequisite)

QS World University Rankings:

Overall: = 82

Life sciences and medicine: = 62

Medicine: 51 - 100

Student enrolment:

Total: 29,461

International students: 8,568

The University of Otago


Local student: $15,087 NZD

International student: $32,025-$83,200 NZD

Entry requirements:

Undergraduate: UCAT, HSFY papers

Postgraduate: UCAT, Bachelor's degree (or higher)

QS World University Rankings:

Overall: 151

Dentistry: =29

Medicine: 51 - 100

Student enrolment:

Total: 18, 532

International students: 3,871

Otago vs. Auckland


There are a few key differences in the application process for Auckland and Otago, the biggest one being -- the interview. University of Otago is pretty straightforward, your admission is based solely on your GPA as long as you reach a threshold score for your UCAT. If you know you’ve been hitting the books like mad, or perhaps the word interview sets your teeth on edge. Then it’s possible that Otago is the place for you!

The MMI or the Multiple Mini Interview is only required for application to the University of Auckland. If you love a good yarn, or maybe you feel that your grades/UCAT left a little to be desired, then the MMI is a great place to show your stuff. But be forewarned, the MMI is not like any other interview out there - and you’ll need to prepare strategically if you want to blow the competition out of the water


Otago has much to offer in the way of lifestyle. They are world renowned for their halls of residence - it’s almost like you’re living in Hogwarts! The halls offer a sense of community, and have options for every individual interest. Additionally Dunedin is very walkable, so if you like to sleep until the very last second before class, you might be able to! Otago is the place to be if you want to be close to world class ski fields and tramping terrains.

Auckland is another amazing place to be for medical school. The Grafton campus where you will sit your preclinical years is across the road from New Zealand’s largest hospital - Auckland City Hospital. This also means that some of New Zealand’s best clinicians walk across the street to lecture to the Auckland medical students. Another important consideration worth mentioning is where your parents live - you have the potential to save $$, have home cooked meals and folded laundry - even the most luxurious campus housing can’t offer you that!

Medical School Experience

Most of the medical school experience is similar for both University of Auckland and University of Otago - you have three preclinical years. This includes the first year, which can be just as rough as everyone says, but you have to learn how to work strategically, and know when to seek help. The next two years of medical school involve a deep immersion into the medical sciences. After your preclinical years you have - you guessed it - the clinical years! This means you’ll be in the hospital doing hands on learning!

One big difference between Auckland and Otago’s medical programmes is how the clinical years are structured. At the University of Otago, you have the option of being placed for your clinical years in Dunedin, Wellington or Christchurch. Wherever you choose, you will be placed for the entire three years of your clinical years. At University of Auckland you have many options to choose from for your clinical years, Auckland, Whangarei, Rotorua, Tauranga, Taranaki and Hamilton. But you will choose a different location every year of your clinical years. So if you’re a serious homebody, Otago might be the place for you. If you want to live all over New Zealand, check out Auckland!

The Cost of Medical School: Australia

Australian Expenses and Financial Aid

Australian universities are a bit more complicated because every uni has three different tuition prices.

  1. Commonwealth Supported Place (CSP) price: Eligible Australian citizens only as of 2018
  2. Domestic price: All other Australian citizens
  3. International price: The rest of the world, including New Zealand

Commonwealth Supported Places are government subsidies that do not need to be paid back. With CSP, the government covers part of your tuition and you are expected to pay the rest through your “student contribution amount”. The amount you’ll need to contribute is based on your course.

As a medical student, your student contribution amount is $10,596 AUD a year.

If you aren’t eligible for a CSP, you’ll pay the domestic price which is closer to the international price.

For example, studying medicine at Western Sydney University would cost a CSP $10,596 AUD a year, a domestic student $42,320 AUD a year, and an international student $60,760 AUD a year.

Once again, you’ll also need to factor in your cost of living, which can vary dramatically throughout Australia.

You need between $9,372 and $48,436 AUD depending on your location and lifestyle.

There are three different government loan options for Australian citizens:

  1. FEE-HELP: Only for tuition fees with a maximum lifetime limit of $124,238 AUD
  2. HECS-HELP: Only for CSP students with no limit
  3. SA-HELP: Only for student services and amenities fee limited to around $294 AUD a year

Once your income is above $54,126 AUD a year, you’ll need to start paying your loans back.

As an international student, your options are limited to a few competitive school scholarships.

The Cost of Medical School: New Zealand

New Zealand Expenses and Financial Aid

The average medical tuition in New Zealand, for New Zealand or Australian citizens, or residents of New Zealand, is about $15,249 NZD a year.

As an international student, you’re looking at between $32,376 and $78,907 NZD a year, depending on your course.

You will also need to factor in your living costs. Depending on the city you go to school in and your lifestyle, you will need between $15,182 and $25,969 NZD a year for living costs (excluding your tuition).

Altogether you’re looking at around $30,431 - $40,945 NZD per year if you're a local student and around $47,558-$104,876 NZD a year if you're an international student.

If you’re a New Zealand or Australia citizen, or a resident of New Zealand, you are eligible for student loans. There are government student loans that cover your tuition fees and living costs. However, you’ll need to pay these loans back once start making more than $19,136 NZD (pre-tax). You may also be eligible for a weekly allowance that you don’t need to pay back.

As an international student, however, you're not eligible for student loans. Luckily, there are quite a few scholarships available for you and you may be able to work 20 hours a week on your student visa.

Postgraduate Portfolios

The portfolio is only applicable to two universities, but plays an essential part in their consideration process. The University of Notre Dame and the University of Wollongong’s consider your portfolio alongside your GPA and GAMSAT score, although the weighting of the portfolio is unknown.

Hot tip: Adding an extra dimension into the application means there is less overall emphasis on your GPA and GAMSAT score.

The University of Notre Dame is a catholic institution, meaning the university puts an emphasis on education within the context of catholic values. They welcome students of all religious backgrounds, as long as the student has an understanding for the values of ethical and service based values, such as compassion, respect and social justice. If successful, all students must complete a Bioethics paper.

The University of Wollongong on the other hand, has a strong focus around rural, regional and remote medicine, preparing doctors for a range of settings across Australia and internationally. They chose students who have diverse backgrounds and are comfortable with living in rural settings or have ties to rural communities and schooling.

Postgraduate Personal Statements

The University of Notre Dame also requires a personal statement - along with your GPA, GAMSAT and portfolio - where you must outline your reasons for pursuing medicine, as well as why Notre Dame is the best choice for you. It is important to create an application that represents your character while also demonstrating the asking values.

The University of Wollongong requires a video which is similar to a UCAT situational judgement question, used to determine personal and professional traits that are suited for a career in medicine. These include empathy, communication, ethics and problem solving.

Deakin University prefers students who have a background in healthcare or a history of study at Deakin University, residing in the Geelong area or are financially disadvantaged.

Australian National University prefers students who have completed Honours, Masters or PhD study.

Griffith will award an instant 7.0 GPA to anyone with a PhD and a maximum GPA for each year of full time Masters course by research.

About MedView

Why choose MedView?

There are many reasons to choose MedView. Unlike our competitors, MedView offers flexibility, learning at your own pace, and top-scoring tutors, anywhere you are.

All our services are delivered online, at a time that suits you, reducing restrictions so you can still enjoy life.

MedView’s programs are personalised so you can learn at your own pace and you only pay for what you need and nothing else.

Who is MedView for and are there any age restrictions or limitations?

The intended age range for MedView is 14 - 18, however, we can help students outside this age group with our close partnership with Crimson Education group and their additional services.

How do I get started with MedView?

Book a FREE consultation with an Academic Advisor.

How much does MedView cost?

MedView’s pricing is flexible and dependent on your needs as a student. Our highly individualised approach to medical schools admissions support is built around a desire to help each student based on their strengths, weaknesses, financial situation, age, goals and aspirations. Our Academic Advisors provide free one hour consultations with families to help build these personalised programs which then leads to a determination of cost.

What if I'm interested in multiple pathways?

If you’re interested in multiple pathways to medical school, don’t stress. During your consultation, they’ll make time to discuss all your areas of interest and create a plan best suited to your needs

Is MedView a safe and inclusive environment?

MedView ensures all students and families are provided with a safe learning environment and community.

Does MedView offer any face to face consulting?

Yes, we offer consultations with our academic advisors both face to face in one of our offices or online. The process of booking your consultation is the same, and you will need to contact us to request your free consultation and book yourself a time. (NB: During to COVID-19 all of our consultations are held online.)

What happens after my consultation?

After your initial consultation with one of our Academic Advisors, we will build a highly personalised plan based on your age, current situation and admission goals.

Next you'll be introduced to your Admission Specialist who'll help organise your entire MedView journey, coordinate your tutor and mentor scheduling, assist you with actioning all steps recommended by your MedView team, and act as a regular communication base for you and your parents or guardians.

MedView's unique algorithm matches students to their team based on their academic goals, passions and learning styles. Your team will include tutors, admissions experts, current medical students and doctors from Australasia's top medical schools.

Is MedView an accredited member of IACAC and NACAC?

MedView is a member of both the International Association for College Admission Counseling (IACAC) and National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC) and follows their high standard in college admissions and ethical responsibility.

You don’t have an office in my home town or city. Can you still help?

Of course we can! With our innovative use of online technologies and flexible global teams we are able to help you wherever you are. We have a growing list of locations in 20 different countries, but each one acts as a regional centre to serve students in nearby cities and territories. If you are unsure which office to contact, don’t hesitate to fill in a contact form on our website or call the closest office to you and ask for help.

Unsure where to start?

Our events and webinars cover all things Medical School Admissions, Entry Requirements, Life as a Doctor, Academics, Extracurriculars, High school self-study and more for successful admission into Australia, New Zealand or UK medical schools!

events graphic

Ready to start your journey to medical school?